Kidney Failure

What is Kidney failure?

Patients with kidney failure presents with wide variety of symptoms like increased

night time urination,

decreased urination,


loss of appetite,

nausea, vomiting,


shortness of breath, or

unexplained anemia.

The diagnosis of renal failure can be confirmed by blood tests – BUN and creatinine. Ultrasonography can help differentiate between acute or chronic illness in most of the cases.

Kidney / Renal failure can be acute or chronic. Acute kidney injury is mostly reversible and chronic kidney disease is irreversible but can be prevented and controlled to a certain extent.

Treatment of renal failure depends on acute versus chronic and the degree of kidney failure. Most of the AKI can be managed conservatively with supportive treatment and few may require renal replacement therapy like dialysis. However, CKD will require RRT in the form of dialysis or transplant.

In early stages of CKD, however, treatment can retard the progression of kidney failure.