Dr.Tarun Jeloka is working as a Sr.Consultant & Assoc. Director Kidney Doctor in Pune with Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital. Dr. Tarun Jeloka, is a practicing consulting Nephrology Surgeon since 1995, having experience of more than a decade now, he specializes in all kinds of consultations related to Urology & Nephrology. The highest standards of Urological & Nephrological Treatment in Pune for our patients suffering from Kidney stones, kidney transplant, kidney diseases, urine infection, nephritic syndrom,amongst other Urinary Disease.
Kidney Stones in Pune (renal lithiasis, nephrolithiasis) are small, hard mineral deposits that form inside your kidneys. The stones are made of mineral and acid salts. Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract — from your kidneys to your bladder. Often, stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallize and stick together.
Knowing the type of kidney stone helps in determining the cause and may give clues on how to reduce your risk of getting more kidney stones. Types of kidney stones include:
Calcium stones: Most kidney stones are calcium stones, usually in the form of calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a naturally occurring substance found in food. Some fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and chocolate, have high oxalate levels. Your liver also produces oxalate. Dietary factors, high doses of vitamin D, intestinal bypass surgery and several metabolic disorders can increase the concentration of calcium or oxalate in urine. Calcium stones may also occur in the form of calcium phosphate.
Struvite stones: Struvite stones form in response to an infection, such as a urinary tract infection. These stones can grow quickly and become quite large, sometimes with few symptoms or little warning.
Uric acid stones: Uric acid stones can form in people who don't drink enough fluids or who lose too much fluid, those who eat a high-protein diet, and those who have gout. Certain genetic factors also may increase your risk of uric acid stones
Cystine stones: These stones form in people with a hereditary disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete too much of certain amino acids (cystinuria).
Other stones: Other, rarer types of kidney stones also can occur.